George Orwell (real name Eric Arthur Blair) was a British author and journalist born on June 25, 1903, in Motihari, India. He is best known for his works of fiction, including "Animal Farm" and "Nineteen Eighty-Four," which are widely regarded as literary classics and have had a significant impact on modern political thought. Orwell's writings often explored themes of social injustice, totalitarianism, and the abuse of power. His experiences as a police officer in colonial Burma, a soldier in the Spanish Civil War, and a journalist in England and Europe during World War II provided him with firsthand exposure to the oppressive regimes and social inequality that he would later critique in his writing. "Animal Farm," published in 1945, is a political allegory that satirizes the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and the early years of the Soviet Union. "Nineteen Eighty-Four," published in 1949, is a dystopian novel that depicts a totalitarian society where individual freedom is suppressed and critical thought is punished. Orwell's works continue to be widely read and studied today and have had a significant impact on popular culture and political discourse. He is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century and his name has become synonymous with critiques of authoritarianism and government surveillance.