Bruce Schneier is an American cryptographer, cybersecurity expert, and writer. He was born on January 15, 1963, in New York City, USA.Schneier has a Bachelor's degree in Physics from the University of Rochester and a Master's degree in Computer Science from the American University. He is the founder and Chief Technology Officer of Counterpane Internet Security, a consulting firm that provides security solutions to corporations and governments.Schneier is a prolific writer and has authored several books on security and cryptography, including "Applied Cryptography," "Secrets and Lies," and "Data and Goliath." He is also a regular contributor to various publications, including The Guardian and Wired.Schneier is known for his work in cryptography and his advocacy for privacy and security in the digital age. He has been a vocal critic of government surveillance programs and has testified before Congress on multiple occasions on matters related to cybersecurity and privacy.Schneier has received numerous awards for his work in cybersecurity, including the Electronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer Award and the International Association of Cryptologic Research Test of Time Award. He is a fellow at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and a board member of the Tor Project.